Research Project Reference: ENE2009-09432, within the National Plan of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008-2011.
Since Kyoto Protocol came into effect, the need to reduce the anthropogenic CO2 emissions, main responsible of Global Warming, was shown. The natural ways and the employment of renewable energy sources, as well as the use of hydrogen as energy vector, are not enough to reduce this serious environmental problem. Therefore, search of new methods of CO2 kidnapping and novel processes that allow its transformation in industrial add-valued products will be necessary. It is worth mentioning the use of novel processes for CO2 reduction based in the employment of water as reductor agent.
For this reason, it is necessary to search new methods of CO2 kidnaping and transformation. Until now, several methods have been used to capture and store CO2; however, despite the great development of these new technologies, the application of these methods is not fast enough to alleviate the large amount of CO2 emissions.
Therefore, a very interesting possibility to reduce the concentration of CO2 and, at the same time, produce energy, is to transform CO2 into fuels and industrial add-valued products.
The proposed research work is based on the development of new catalytic materials based on modified semiconductor oxides, active for photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with water in mild conditions to obtain fuels such as methanol and, to a lesser extent, methane and other industrial add-valued products such as acid formic or formaldehyde, among others.
Partners: IMDEA Energy Institute (Coordinator); Acciona Infraestructuras, S.A.
Funding Institution/Program: Ministry of Science and Innovation/Subprogram of fundamental not-oriented research.
Period: January 2010-December 2012
Principal Researcher: Victor A. de la Peña