Program of R&D activities between research groups of “Comunidad de Madrid”, co-funded with the European Social Fund, and coordinated by ICP-CSIC.
Currently, fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) represent nearly 80% of the primary energy demand. raditional biomass, nuclear energy, hydraulic energy and modern forms of renewable energies cover the rest, even though the contribution of renewables to the energy mix is by now rather low. There is no doubt that the most effective way to reduce CO2emissions in combustion processes while maintaining a sustainable economic growth lies in the development of revolutionary production, distribution, storage and conversion energy concepts. The need to intensify research in such technologies is universally accepted. The biomassderived fuels offer an opportunity to shift the conventional ones derived from oil. Notwithstanding to develop the real potential of biofuels a great effort is required to supply a new generation of fuels based in the conversion of lignocellulosic raw material and therefore by avoiding the use of raw materials usually employed in the alimentary chain. Moreover, less energy intensive methods capable to convert efficiently cellulosic precursors into biofuels are required. This Project poses an attractive strategy of using agroforest and oily residues to produce clean transportation fuels whose global CO2 balance is very low. It is an especially attractive alternative for the Comunidad de Madrid due to the importance of its transport sector and the large volume of residues it generates.
Partners: ICP-CSIC (Coordinator); Rey Juan Carlos University; Autonoma University of Madrid; CIEMAT; Petrolab; IMDEA Energy; Abengoa Bioenergy; Repsol YPF; Green Fuels
Funding Institution/Program:Comunidad de Madrid/Program of R&D activities between research groups in Technology
Period: January 2010-December 2013
Principal researcher: David Serrano