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Research topics

Modular, efficient, dispatchable and cost-effective solar concentration technologies for the production of fuels and chemicals, industrial processes heat and power generation.

  • Modular solar thermal technologies with high efficiency, dispatchability and urban integration.
  • Solar receivers and reactors based on advanced thermal fluids and particles.
  • Solar fuels and chemicals production by solar thermal routes.
  • Integration assessment of solar energy for electricity generation and industrial processes, heat recovery & environmental impact: advanced thermodynamic cycles, water/brine management & treatment, glint & glare.
  • Photovoltaics: development of advanced materials for novel semiconductors.

Production of advanced fuels from biomass and wastes and other alternative renewable fuels.

  • Production of advanced fuels and products of commercial interest from biomass residues.
  • Valorization of waste plastics and used tires.
  • Development of thermochemical processes and catalysts with improved efficiency.
  • Application of pyrolysis biochars as bio-filters for air decontamination.
  • Microalgae / bacteria consortia for anaerobic digestate treatment and biomass fermentation.
  • Microbial oil production from volatile fatty acids.
  • Lignocellulose based biofuels and bioproducts.
  • Anaerobic fermentation of waste streams for carboxylate and biogas production.
  • Production of solar fuels through thermochemical cycles.
  • Photo (electro) catalytic processes for the production of fuels by means of solar energy.

Energy storage to increase the dispatchability of renewable sources and to foster the elextrification of transport.

  • Thermal heat storage: sensible, latent and thermochemical.
  • Development of supercapacitors with high power density.
  • Design, modeling and prototyping of flow batteries with or without membrane at macro- and micro-scales.
  • Application of selection criteria based on computational chemistry methods and characterization of novel redox pairs.
  • Materials, components and designs to improve the performance, cyclability and recyclability of Li-ion batteries, redox flow batteries and other post-lithium technologies.
  • New accelerated testing methodologies, post-mortem analysis and aging models of electrochemical devices.

Control, reliability and stability of electricity networks with renewables and storages.

Optimisation based algorithms for demand management and renewable integration.

  • Control of power converters for applications in electricity networks.
  • Renewable and energy storage integration.
  • Stability of power networks with high penetration of renewables.
  • Reliability of power systems with high share of distributed generation and storage.

Processes and technologies of Covalorisation.

  • CO2 photoreduction, water splitting and photoreforming of biomass-derived products. 
  • Chemical looping reforming of CH4 with CO2.
  • Development of inorganic and hybrid multifuctional materials.
  • Process evaluation and scale-up.
  • Techniques for CO2 capture and storage: life cycle, environmental and techno-economic studies

Energy saving and efficiency.

Energy-efficient devices for energy and environmental applications.

  • Active demand management and energy efficiency in buildings, residential, hotels,...
  • Optimisation of energy supply mix.
  • Management of energy resources in industries, operations and processes.
  • Energy efficiency in systems for vibration testing.
  • Design and scale up of brackish water treatment processes by electrochemical deionization.

 

Sustainability assessment of energy sustems.

Process design, simulation and optimization.

Energy systems modelling for energy planning.

  • Life cycle management: LCA environmental, social, costs, mul-
  • ticriteria analysis (LCA+DEA), sustainability analysis and ecodesign.
  • Simulation and techno-economic analysis: bioenergy, biorefineries, renewables, hydrogen and CO2 capture.
  • Circular economy strategies.
  • Prospective analysis: Development of energy models, sustainability indicators, scenarios for transportation and electricity.